Volume 7, Issue 1, March 2019, Page: 9-15
Study of Wireless Sensor Network
Mohaiminul Islam, School of Intelligent Technology and Engineering, Chongqing University of Science and Technology, Chongqing, China
Amit Kumar, School of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology, Chongqing University of Science and Technology, Chongqing, China
Anower Hossain, School of Computer Science and Engineering, Chongqing University of Technology, Chongqing, China
Received: Jul. 27, 2019;       Accepted: Aug. 18, 2019;       Published: Aug. 26, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijssn.20190701.12      View  41      Downloads  21
Abstract
A wireless sensor network is a group of specialized transducers with a communications infrastructure for monitoring and recording conditions at diverse locations. Commonly monitored parameters are temperature, humidity, pressure, wind direction and speed, illumination intensity, vibration intensity, sound intensity, power-line voltage, chemical concentrations, pollutant levels and vital body functions. A sensor network consists of multiple detection stations called sensor nodes, each of which is small, lightweight and portable. Every sensor node is equipped with a transducer, microcomputer, transceiver and power source. The transducer generates electrical signals based on sensed physical effects and phenomena. The microcomputer processes and stores the sensor output. The transceiver receives commands from a central computer and transmits data to that computer. The power for each sensor node is derived from a battery. Currently, WSN (Wireless Sensor Network) is the most standard services employed in commercial and industrial applications, because of its technical development in a processor, communication, and low-power usage of embedded computing devices. The WSN is built with nodes that are used to observe the surroundings like temperature, humidity, pressure, position, vibration, sound etc. These nodes can be used in various real-time applications to perform various tasks like smart detecting, a discovery of neighbor node, data processing and storage, data collection, target tracking, monitor and controlling, synchronization, node localization, and effective routing between the base station and nodes. This paper describes the concept of wireless sensor network.
Keywords
Wireless Sensor Network, Protocols Sensor, Network Topologies, Application Layer, Data Transmission, Ad Hoc Networks, Network Architecture
To cite this article
Mohaiminul Islam, Amit Kumar, Anower Hossain, Study of Wireless Sensor Network, International Journal of Sensors and Sensor Networks. Vol. 7, No. 1, 2019, pp. 9-15. doi: 10.11648/j.ijssn.20190701.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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